It is expected that the introduction in the farms of soils management practices based on the principles of Conservation Agriculture will help to achieve the following objectives:
- an increase of the organic carbon in the soils up to 0.2-0.7 t/ha/year;
- an increase of the biological fertility of the soils;
- a more efficient use of irrigation water and fertilizers;
- an improved capacity of adaptation to climate change of the agricultural soils;
- an increased eco-efficiency and competitiveness of agricultural systems;
- a higher stability of the crop yields in presence of an increasing climate variability;
- a decrease of soil erosion;
- a restraint of greenhouse gases and ammonia emissions;
- a decreased usage of pesticides;
- a decrease of fuel consumption of 60/70%.
Through the project results it will be possible to identify the strengths and the weaknesses of the conservative techniques application, in order to identify sustainable solutions and optimize the environmental benefits in every specific local situation.
To this purpose, technical indications will be defined, based on the results of the project actions and adapted to different agricultural systems and climate and soil conditions of the Po plain, comparing the environmental and agronomic performances of the ordinary management practices with the improved ones applied in the demonstrative farms and actively involving farmers and stakeholders in this process.